Thursday, June 3, 2010

Malbork Castle

Malbork Castle, located on the bank of the Nogat River in Poland, is the world's largest brick gothic castle.

The castle was built in 1274 by the Teutonic Order, a German-Roman Catholic religious order. It was originally named Marienburg-or "Castle of Mary" in German. The walls around the castle and its numerous subdivisions encase 52 acres.
The castle was home to the Order for almost 200 years. In 1456, during the Thirteen Years' War, the Poles forced the Order out and the castle became part of Royal Prussia. The castle was given to Poland after the signing of the Peace of Torun in 1466.

Combat during WWII destroyed more than half the castle. Restoration has been ongoing since 1962, with successful completion of most of the castle. The main cathedral is the only structure awaiting restoration.


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